Italy 2006 - The Bay of Naples

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Paestum - Temple of Ceres built about 510 BC by the inhabitants of Poseidonia, a Greek colony in Italy Paestum - Temple of Ceres.  The Temple was dedicated to Athena and later Minerva, not Ceres as 18th Century
scholars thought Temple of Ceres - south facade - 6 x 13 Doric columns which are more slender than those of the earlier Basilica Temple of Ceres - it is smaller than the other two temples at Paestum The Temple of Neptune with the Basilica in the background
Paestum - Temple of Ceres Paestum - Temple of Ceres Paestum - Temple of Ceres Paestum - Temple of Ceres Paestum - Temple of Neptune & the Basilica
         
Votive offerings suggest that the Temple of Neptune was dedicated to Hera, not Poseidon. Temple of Neptune - it had been assumed  that the largest temple would be dedicated to the god after which the city was named. Temple of Neptune - two tier columns in the cella Temple of Neptune - built c 460 BC, it has 6 x 14 Doric columns Temple of Neptune
Paestum - Temple of Neptune Paestum - Temple of Neptune Paestum - Temple of Neptune Paestum - Temple of Neptune Paestum - Temple of Neptune
         
Temple of Neptune The Basilica The Basilica was built c 530 BC, so is the oldest of the three temples The Basilica was really dedicated to Hera and possibly Zeus The Basilica - it is the only temple in Italy in which the naos is divided in two by a row of columns
Paestum - Temple of Neptune Paestum - The Basilica Paestum - The Basilica Paestum - The Basilica Paestum - The Basilica
         
The Basilica The Basilica The Amphitheatre - half of which is unexcavated and underneath the modern road Black Widow Iris The Tomb of the Diver - a Greek tomb with funerary wall paintings on the inner walls dating from approx 480 BC.
This painting is on the inside of the lid.
Paestum - The Basilica Paestum - The Basilica Paestum - Amphitheatre Paestum Paestum
         
A banquet with five figures, a man with a cithara or lyre, singers and a flautist Banquet with five figures, 3 are playing kottobos (aiming dregs of wine at a mark) and 2 appear to be lovers Two men and a woman playing a double flute A naked youth pouring wine from a krater on a table A busy street in Ercolano
Paestum Paestum Paestum Paestum Ercolano
         
Our coach really does drive up this street The driver doesn't know where he is going, but gets away with it somehow! The island of Ischia seen from Herculaneum Looking across Herculaneum to Vesuvius Cardo IV with Vesuvius in the background
Ercolano Ercolano Ischia Herculaneum Herculaneum
         
Herculaneum - the entrance to the Suburban Baths in the foreground and the pergola of The House of the Stags behind
in the centre Looking back towards the town This would have been the sea front of Herculaneum Below the Suburban Baths on what would have been the shoreline The terrace of the House of the Stags above looking down onto what was the beach
Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum
         
This is the wall of volcanic mud which now stands where the sea shore would have been A security grill over the atrium of a house is still there Some buildings have yet to be excavated Thermopolium Thermopolium - showing the huge dolias in the counter
Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum
         
Shrine of Augustales - this was the headquaters of the Augustales, the priests who were responsible for the cult
of emperor worship Shrine of Augustales - it  is decorated with mythological figures Shrine of Augustales Shrine of Augustales - the wood of the roof has been carbonised by the heat of the eruption and is well preserved Shrine of Augustales - small partitioned room.  The skeleton of a man was found here
Herculaneum - Shrine of Augustales Herculaneum - Shrine of Augustales Herculaneum - Shrine of Augustales Herculaneum - Shrine of Augustales Herculaneum - Shrine of Augustales
         
Lead pipes carrying water to individual houses The House of Neptune and Amphitrite - the garden of the house with mosaics on the walls The House of Neptune and Amphitrite - the mosaic which gives the house its name A shop with carbonised wooden panel and balustrade Amphorae in original racking
Herculaneum Herculaneum - The House of Neptune and Amphitrite Herculaneum - The House of Neptune and Amphitrite Herculaneum Herculaneum
         
Amphorae and storage dolias The Urban Baths - the Apodyterium of the Women's Baths  - a window lets light into the rooms.  Some of the original
glass still remains. Urban Baths - a marble bench in the Caldarium of the Women's Baths Apodyterium of the Women's Baths - mosaic of Triton with dolphin, octopus and cuttlefish Tepidarium of the Women's Baths - mosaic with geometric meander
Herculaneum Herculaneum - Urban Baths Herculaneum - Urban Baths Herculaneum - Urban Baths Herculaneum - Urban Baths
         
Tepidarium of the Men's Baths  - mosaic of Triton and dolphins.  The hypocaust has collapsed. Uban Baths - wall flue which warmed the room Cardo IV - The Trellis House showing upper storey of opus cracticum (wood & plaster) The Trellis House - window and opus cracticum style of building The Trellis House - a coil of rope for the well which has survived
Herculaneum - Urban Baths Herculaneum - Urban Baths Herculaneum - The Trellis House Herculaneum - The Trellis House Herculaneum - The Trellis House
         
The House of the Wooden Partition - the Impluvium, marble table and entrance The House of the Wooden Partition - partition door of carbonised wood Windows with surviving metal grilles. The walls are opus reticulatum From the inside From the inside
Herculaneum - The House of the Wooden Partition Herculaneum - The House of the Wooden Partition Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum
         
Cardo IV - looking inland Thermopolium - of which there were several! Tunnels into the hardened volcanic mud seek new discoveries.  There is so much still buried. This structure disappears into the cliff face of hardened volcanic mud The Decumanus Maximus with the arch which marked the entrance to the Forum
Herculaneum - Cardo IV Herculaneum - Thermopolium Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum - The Decumanus Maximus
         
The House of the Stags looking across the garden to the terrace overlooking the sea The House of the Stags, looking towards the house The House of the Stags - the terrace overlooking the sea The House of the Stags - marble threshold to one of the many rooms House of the Telephus' Relief - colonnades on either side of the atrium. Oscilla hang between the columns
Herculaneum - The House of the Stags Herculaneum - The House of the Stags Herculaneum - The House of the Stags Herculaneum Herculaneum - House of the Telephus' Relief
         
House of the Telephus' Relief - a copy of the relief House of the Grand Portal A wonderful view of Vesuvius which appears to be so near Cardo IV where it meets the Decumanus Maximus More views of Herculaneum and Vesuvius
Herculaneum - House of the Telephus' Relief Herculaneum - House of the Grand Portal Herculaneum Herculaneum Herculaneum
         
Group photograph Oplontis - Villa of Poppaea - the largest and most luxurious of the villas found in the area Artefacts suggest that the villa belonged to Poppaea, the wife of Nero, though it was unoccupied and being renovated
at the time of the eruption. Plaster casts of the wooden shutters which were closed at the time Vesuvius erupted More shutters
Herculaneum Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis
         
One of the garden areas with a shady colonnade The vast swimming pool  20 x 60 metres overlooked now by the modern town An area of the villa which has many vistas and fountains giving a feeling of space and light More vistas The same area
Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis
         
The white wall painting of the external colonnade near the swimming pool It is very delicate and is beginning to fade White wall painting Detail The small animals and birds are beautifully painted ....
Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis
         
... by a very skilled artist Each one is different ... ... and very life-like Detail This passageway runs through the villa and has benches for clients
Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis Oplontis
         
The latrine A peristyle courtyard with a fountain A Vesuvio - a flaming cake of icecream and sponge Gill, Lance, Katharine and Barbara Hilary, Liz and Edna
Oplontis Oplontis Hotel Aequa Hotel Aequa Hotel Aequa
         
Liz, Edna and Gill Rachel and Hilary Ken, Terry and Andy Rome Ciampino Airport - Lance, Gill and Helen  
Hotel Aequa Hotel Aequa Hotel Aequa Rome Ciampino Airport  
         
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Last updated: 29/03/2006 08:52


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